Future models of General Motors – Cadillac

GM says Cadillac will eventually offer four electric SUVs or crossovers plus one low volume “statement” vehicle. This feature explores those plans while also looking at what happens to existing models.

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Introduced in the fourth quarter of 2019 for the 2020 model year in North America, the 4,756mm long CT4 is Cadillac’s smallest car. This RWD-AWD sedan is aimed at the Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class, BMW 1 Series Sedan and 2 Series Gran Coupé, Audi A3 sedan and others in that size class. Until the advent of Chinese-built cars, the US was the most important market.

Although smaller than the ATS, the CT4 was that model’s replacement. It was announced in May 2019 exclusively in V-series (i.e. CT4-V) form in March 2020.

The CT4 V Blackwing, unveiled in February 2021, was added for the 2022 model year in North America and production will start in July 2021. This high-performance variant is powered by LF4, a biturbo 3.6-liter V6. An earlier version of this engine produced 464 horsepower and 445 pound-feet of torque in the car that replaced the CT4 V Blackwing, the ATS V. Both a six-speed manual and a ten-speed automatic transmission are available. In the CT4 V Blackwing, power is 352 kW (479 hp/472 hp) and 603 Nm (445 lb-ft).

The Chinese market preview of the CT4 took place in October 2019, the car went on sale there in April 2020. At that time, only a 177 kW four-cylinder engine was offered. SAIC-GM builds the CT4 at its Jinqiao factory in Shanghai.

A replacement was expected to be based on GM’s VSS-R architecture, codenamed 7CLL. However, GM’s decision to make all future Cadillacs electric means a direct successor to the CT4 won’t happen now.

Introduced three years ago, the bigger one CT5 has just made some minor changes for 2023. This follows the arrival of the CT5 V Blackwing for the ’22 model year. It features a special version of GM’s LT4, a supercharged 6.2-liter V8. Together with the options for a six-speed manual and a ten-speed automatic gearbox, the engine output is 498 kW (677 hp / 668 hp) and 893 Nm (659 lb ft). Those figures have increased by 21 kW and 39 Nm compared to the former CTS-V.

Meanwhile, in China, the CT5 will soon be available with a 1.5-liter turbocharged engine for entry-level variants. Then next year all versions of the car will be due for a facelift and the model name may change into a word at the same time.

A CT5 replacement won’t arrive until the 2027 model year when that car becomes an EV. In fact, the successor will probably arrive in CY2025 with the CT5 only to be phased out about a year later.

In the size class above the CT5 is the CT6. Introduced in 2015, North American production and sales ended in early 2020. Now the only factory producing this sedan is Jinqiao in Pudong (Shanghai).

With GM planning to add so many crossovers, SUVs and low-roof vehicles along with a desire for all Cadillacs to be electric, a direct replacement for the CT6 seems unlikely. Construction should stop in 2023.

Cadillac knows there’s a lot of interest in full-size luxury sedans (and hatchbacks) around the world. You only have to look at how well the Mercedes S-Class sells in countries like China, South Korea and yes, even the US to see the proof. The brand has therefore decided that it will use a car to try to penetrate the upper echelons of the market in parts of Asia, the Middle East and North America.

The Celestial (see image above) was unveiled in July in near-production form. construction will begin around this time next year. Unlike Cadillac’s previous entrants in the 16-plus-foot car class, this one will be electric and a hatchback. Four-wheel drive and four-wheel steering will be present. The same goes for ‘Ultra Cruise’.

Compared to ‘Super Cruise’, a Level 2 system, what sounds like Level 3 AD allows a driver to “…truly travel hands-free…over almost any road, including city streets, subdivision streets and paved rural roads, next to freeways,” GM claims.

Since the price will start at about $200,000, volume will be low, as few as 200 cars may be built per year at Michigan’s Warren Technical Center.

SUVs

The SAIC-GM joint venture is expected to BMW X1 rival as of early 2023. There are no confirmed reports of any build for North America yet. Also, only 1.5- and 2.0-litre turbocharged engines are currently expected, but some form of electrification is sure to follow. The platform will be GM’s E2.

Despite Cadillac telling the media that it would use words for its vehicles from now on, Chinese sources claim the name will be GT4.

Another additional model should be an e-tron-sized Audi Q4 electric SUV. The timing of the launch is unclear, but it is rumored to be the last quarter of 2024. The architecture is BEV2 or BEV3. Ramos Arizpe is believed to be 1 or 2 the plant.

The Chevrolet Equinox EV and this Cadillac will share platforms and much more.

General Motors has applied for registration Look at and Lumistiq in several countries. It is not yet known what the 4.6-meter-long E-SUV will be called. Applications were also made for the trademark of two other names: Symbolism and Optiq — but GM then let both applications expire in 2021. The company then reapplied for Symboliq last November.

The Lyric (Rough in China) is another electric SUV. Production started slowly at GM’s Spring Hill plant six months ago. GM will also produce an Acura vehicle at its Tennessee plant for American Honda. Scheduled to launch in the second half of 2024, it will revive the ZDX name.

Build in China was added in May and the first (44) units appeared in the registration data two months later. Initially only RWD, some motor vehicles were built: AWD copies will come later.

This electric SUV is 5,003 mm long, 1,978 mm wide and 1,635 mm high with a wheelbase of 3,094 mm. The RWD version weighs in at 2,580 kg (5,688 lb), with the AWD Lyriq tipping the scales at a minimum of 2,683 kg (5,915 lb).

Cadillac says the launch versions have an estimated torque of 440 Nm. This explains the “450E” badge on the tailgate according to the marque’s system of rounding up or down to the nearest fifty. Other Cadillacs may have a T or D with their number, which stands for (gasoline) Turbo or Diesel. As for power, the division said it would be “an estimated 340 hp” (254 kW) for RWD versions with the 12-module 100 kWh battery pack.

The single engine for the introductory Ruige in China is rated at 255kW and 440Nm, with SAIC-General Motors citing 375kW and 710Nm for the twin-engine four-wheel drive alternative.

The Lyriq is based on General Motors’ BEV3 architecture, a platform developed specifically for electric vehicles. The EV1 was the sole model for the company’s first-generation EV architecture, while the second-generation platform was developed for the Chevrolet Bolt. BEV3, which can be front, rear or all-wheel drive, will become a mainstream multi-vehicle architecture on which various GM brands will be based.

After a facelift for model year 2027, the Lyric/Ruige should be replaced in CY2030.

There are unofficial reports that GM is planning to launch a Escalade brand EV at Factory Zero (formerly D-Ham or Detroit-Hamtramck) in Michigan. Such a vehicle would of course use the BT1 architecture. That means 350 kW fast charging and an 800 V battery pack. The timing of production is not clear, but it could be as early as 2023.

This is the seventh of seven articles in a series exploring future models for General Motors JVs plus its entire brands. The top six were, in order: Baojun, Wuling, Chevrolet EVs, Chevrolet ICE models, GMC/GMC Hummer, and Buick.

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